There are two groups of islands at west and eastern south of India. They are,
- Andaman and Nicobar Islands
- Lakshadweep Islands
ANDAMAN AND NICOBAR ISLANDS
Andaman and Nicobar Islands consists of more than two hundred islands. These islands are actually the ridges immersed into the sea. Nicobar Islands are at the south of Andaman Islands. The main features of this group of islands are as follows,
- Andaman and Nicobar Islands are stretched to the south east of main land in Bay of Bengal.
- These Islands are volcanic origin with 7,950 sq. km in area.
- The volcanic origin islands are Narkondam, Barren, etc.
- The Andaman and Nicobar islands are rich in forest wealth.
- These Islands are the only home lands of the paleolithic people.
Lakshadweep consists of thirty islands in Arabian Sea. The total area of the group is 32 sq. kms. Lakshadweep is formed of atolls. This group island is famous for great variety of flora and fauna. The main features of Lakshadweep islands are as follows,
- The Lakshadweep Islands are of coral origin with 32 sq.km area and 39 Islands.
- These islands are famous for great variety of flora and fauna, particularly corals, sea weeds, etc.
- It is very important for us to take suitable measures in protecting these flora and fauna, not only interms of ecology, but also in terms of tourism industry.