Human Resource Management of every organization has to perform several actions and functions for effective working of the organization. Some small organizations ignore some HRM activities but they can’t ignore Recruitment and Selection of people into the organization. Many people think that both these terms are same, but there exist many differences between them.
Recruitment is the process which prompts people to offer for selection in an organization. It is a process of searching for prospective employees and encouraging them to apply for jobs in the organization. Recruitment is just one step in the process of employment.
According to Yoder, “Recruitment is a process to discover the sources of manpower to meet the requirements of staffing schedule and to employ effective measures for attracting the manpower to apply for the job in the organization.
Selection is the process of picking up individuals (out of the pool of job applicants) with requisite qualifications and competence to fill jobs in the organization. The Selection process is the tool in the hands of management to differentiate between qualified and unqualified applicants by applying various techniques such as interviews, tests, etc.
According to Yoder, “Selection is the process in which candidates for employment are divided into two classes- those who are to be offered employment and those who are not”.
Let us see some of the differences between Recruitment and Selection in the below table
RECRUITMENTSELECTIONRecruitment is involved with developing suitable techniques for attracting more and more candidates.Selection is the process of finding out the most suitable candidate for the job in the organization. FunctionThe function of Recruitment precedes the selection process.The function of Selection is completed by making a Job offer to the selected candidate by giving appointment letter. SpecifiesRecruitment policy specifies the objectives of recruitment and provides rules and regulations for implementation of the recruitment program.The Selection policy consists of a series of methods or steps or stages by which the evaluation of the candidate is done. Involves inRecruitment has two important aspects 1. To find out the number of vacancies to be notified.2. To approach the potential candidates to apply for such vacancies.The Selection process involves mutual decision making. the organization decides whether or not to make a job offer to the candidate and the candidate decides whether or not to take the job offer. ActionRecruitment is a linkage activity bringing together those with jobs and those seeking jobs.Selection involves comparison of behavior, attitudes, performance of two or more persons. ProcessRecruitment is generally a positive process which encourages prospective people to apply for the job.Selection is mainly a negative process which involves rejecting of the candidates who are not suitable. UsefulnessTo the recruitment process to be effective, the needs of the organization are matched with the needs of the applicants.Selection of proper personnel helps the management in getting the work done by the people effectively.