Scientific and non-scientific; how do your knowledge? In the history of culture, philosophy, and natural sciences, various types of knowledge were far from the models and standards of classical scientific knowledge. They are referred to the department of unscientific knowledge. We describe in this article scientific and non-scientific knowledge.
Similarities between scientific and non-scientific knowledge
If we consider scientific knowledge based on reason, it is necessary to understand that unscientific or non-scientific knowledge is not an invention or fiction. Unscientific knowledge, like scientific knowledge, is produced in some intellectual communities according to certain norms and standards. Unscientific and scientific knowledge has its ways and sources of knowledge. Many types of unscientific knowledge are older than the knowledge recognized as scientific. For example, alchemy is much older than chemistry, and astrology is more senior than astronomy.
Scientific and unscientific knowledge has sources. For example, the first is based on the results of experiments and science. The theory can be seen as its form. The laws of science follow specific hypotheses. The conditions of this other are myths, national philosophies, common sense, and practical activity.
In some cases, unscientific knowledge can also be based on a feeling that leads to so-called revelation or metaphysical intuition. Religion can be an example of unscientific knowledge. For example, scientific knowledge can be implemented using art when creating an artistic image.
Difference between scientific and non-scientific knowledge
First, the main difference between scientific and non-scientific consciousness is the objectivity of the former. Anyone who adheres to scientific beliefs understands that everything in the world evolves independently of specific desires. The authorities and private opinion can not influence these circumstances. Otherwise, the world could be in turmoil and hardly exist.
Second, scientific knowledge, instead of unscientific knowledge, is aimed at future success. Scientific fruits, unlike unscientific ones, cannot always be practical. Before the discovery, many theories were subject to doubt and persecution by those who did not want to acknowledge the objectivity of phenomena. Sufficient time may elapse until a scientific discovery, instead of an unscientific one, is recognized as valid. Striking examples can be the discoveries of Galileo or Copernicus regarding the motion of the earth and the structure of the solar galaxy.
Scientific and unscientific knowledge is always in conflict, leading to another difference. Scientific knowledge always goes through the following stages: observation and classification, experiments and explanations of natural phenomena. All this does not involve unscientific knowledge.